Soil Science

Research program :

Carbon and Climate Change Research

Incharge :

Rajendra Prasad (Principal Scientist)

Suresh Ramanan S. (Scientist)

Lab associate’s :

Ram Bahadur (Senior Technical Officer)

Ashok Shukla (Research Associate)

Prashant Singh (Senior Research Fellow)

Mandates/target area : 

  • Characterizations of soil for its physical, chemical and biological properties
  • Analysis of plants samples for nutrients
  • Carbon Sequestration (Biomass and Soil): Mitigating climate change
  • Climate Modelling: Country-wide site suitability for promotion of Agroforestry
  • Ecological Forecasting and Niche Modelling of Trees and Crops: Best suitable agroforestry species/ model for a given region/ locality for farmlands and for restoration of degraded lands

Ongoing project/activities  : 

Institute funded:

  • Influence of Plant Morphological Characteristics on Soil Properties in Agroforestry Systems
  • Assessment of Soil Biological and Biochemical Characters in Predominant Agroforestry based Landuse Systems
  • Text Mining for Assessing Research Trends and Gaps of Agroforestry Perennials: A Big Data Analysis Approach

Externally funded:

  • ICAR Network Project “Harvesting, Processing and Value Addition of Natural Resins and Gums

Major achievements   :

  • Concept/ Framework for assessing soil quality index of agroforestry systems
  • Carbon sequestration and its allocation in different tree-components of agroforestry trees
  • Carbon sequestration potential of existing agroforestry in the country
  • Horizontal and vertical distribution of fine roots in agroforestry
  • P sorption in soil as influenced by canopy pruning of trees in agroforestry

Publications  :

  • Suresh Ramanan, Ayyanadar Arunachalam and Arun Kumar Handa (2022) Timber production potential of trees on farmland. Small Scale Forestry (
  • Ashok Shukla, Anil Kumar, Rajendra Prasad, Naresh Kumar, S.K. Dhyani, O.P. Chaturvedi and Ayyanadar Arunachalam (2022) Efficacy of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and bacterial inoculants in enhancing yield of Phaseolus mungo L. and Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek under central Indian conditions. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 22:1559-1571
  • Suresh Ramanan S., Mohammed Osman, Arun Kumar Shanker and K.B. Sridhar (2021) Oxygen production potential of trees in urban areas: A reality check? Current Science 121(5):622-625
  • Sudhir Kumar, Rajendra Prasad, Veeresh Kumar and Alok Krishna (2021) Organic source on productivity of pomegranate–lemongrass-based agroforestry system in central India. Agroforestry Systems 95:615–624
  • DhirajKumar, Ram Newaj, Asha Ram, Rajendra Prasad and VeereshKumar (2020) Fine roots dynamics and biomass of Phyllanthusemblica-based agroforestry system in Bundelkhand region of Central India. Current Science 119(10):1694-1699
  • Rajendra Prasad, Ramesh Singh, BadreAlam, A.K.Handa, Ashok Shukla, Prashant Singh, V.D.Tripathi, Ajit, VikasKumar and R.K.Tewari (2020) Benefit-cost analysis of Acacia Senegal based agri-horti-silviculture model suitable for small farmers. Indian Journal of Agroforestry22(2):7-15
  • Rajendra Prasad, Ashok Shukla, N.K.Saroj, V.D.Tripathi and DhirajKumar (2019) Long-term effect of in-situ soil moisture conservation (SMC) measures on soil properties in Emblicaofficinalisbased agroforestry system. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 18(3):246-253
  • Rajendra Prasad, A.K.Handa, BadreAlam, Ramesh Singh, Ashok Shukla, Prashant Singh, V.D.Tripathiand NiranjanPrasad (2019) Integration of natural resins and gums yielding trees in agroforestry systems for enhancing livelihood security. Indian Journal of Agroforestry21(2):1-12
  • Rajendra Prasad, Ram Newaj, Ramesh Singh, Ajit, V.D.Tripathi, N.K.Saroj, Prashant Singh, Ashok Shukla, SudhriKumarand O.P.Chaturvedi(2019) Effect of tree canopy management in agroforestry system on soil quality in central India. Range Management and Agroforestry 40(2):276-285
  • Rajendra Prasad, A.K.Handa, BadreAlam, Ramesh Singh, Ashok Shukla, Prashant Singh and V.D.Tripathi (2020) Growth and biomass studies of fodder cum gum-yielding trees under different spacing in Bundelkhand region. Indian Forester 166(8):702-709
  • Rajendra Prasad, Ram Newaj, R. Singh, A.K.Handa, N.K.Saroj, Ashok Shukla, Prashant Singh and V.D.Tripathi (2019) Tree-canopy management and soil quality index of Hardwickia binata Roxb. based agroforestry system in Bundelkhand, Central India. Indian Forester 145(8):724-731
  • Rajendra Prasad, V.D. Tripathi, Ashok Shukla, BadreAlam, A.K. Handa, Prashant Singh, R. Singh and O.P. Chaturvedi (2018) Ethephon (2-chlorethyphosphonic acid) application and gummosis in Anogeissus pendulaEdgew. Indian Forester 144(8):754-757
  • Rajendra Prasad, Ram Newaj, R. Singh, Ajit, N.K. Saroj, V.D. Tripathi, Ashok Shukla, Prashant Singh and O.P. Chaturvedi (2017) Soil quality index (SQI) for assessing soil health of agroforestry system: Effect of HardwickiabinataRoxb. tree density on SQI in Bundelkhand, central India. Indian Journal of Agroforestry19(2):38-45
  • Ajit, Dhyani, S.K., Handa, A.K., Newaj, R., Chavan, S.B., Alam, B., Rajendra Prasad, Ram, A., Rizvi, R.H., Jain, A.K., Uma, Tripathi, D., Shakhela, R.R., Patel, A.G., Dalvi, V.V., Saxena, A.K., Parihar, A.K.S., Backiyavathy, M.R., Sudhagar, R.J., Bandeswaran, C. and Gunasekaran, S. 2017. Estimating carbon sequestration potential of existing agroforestry systems in India. Agroforestry Systems, 91(6): 1101-1118.
Soil Science Lab